There are four main themes:
the origin and spread of
the characteristics of the
world’s agricultural regions;
reasons why these regions
function the way they do;
and the impact of agricultural
change on the quality of life and the environment.
We examine centers where
domestication originated and study the processes by which domesticates spread. This diffusion process makes clear why distinct
regional patterns of diet, energy use, and agrarian technology emerged.
next -- Earth’s
major agricultural production regions.
Extensive activity (fishing, forestry, nomadic herding, ranching,
shifting cultivation) and intensive activity (plantation agriculture, mixed crop/livestock systems, market gardening,
horticulture, factory farms) are examined, as are settlement patterns and landscapes typical of oath major agriculture type.
In addition, we learn about land survey systems, environmental
conditions, and cultural values that created and sustain the patterns.
Explanations for the location of agricultural
activities are another major concern, Von Thünen’s land use model, agricultural
change, such as the impact of factory fanning on food supplies, and the distribution of crops and animals are also emphasized.
The need for increased food supplies and the capacity to crease food production concludes this section.
|Fast Food Nation Reviews
|(scroll to the bottom)
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. HarperCollins, 2002.
a great book related to the "fast food" culture of America. It tells the story of how America and much of the "globalized"
world has become a repository for eating "fast food" and embracing the "fast culture" of America. The book also takes an in-depth
look at fast food's associated impact on agricultural and economic practice.
"Usually the stinkier the cheese is, the tastier the cheese is....
if you can get it past your nose!"
-Jonathan White, Dairy Scientist
Interview With Jonathan White
Life scientists provide valuable contributions to society. Dairy scientist Jonathan White, makes his contribution
in many ways: unique quality services, keeping old ways alive, and by gathering and spreading knowledge in his field, or fields.
Along with the high quality cheese and bread from Mr. Whites Bobolink Dairy on the Vernon/Warwick border between
New Jersey and New York, comes some exciting methods. Some of these can be simpler than they seem. When Mr. White was asked
what special equipment is needed he answered, Happy, healthy cows eating grass. The high quality in all his cheeses comes
from cows that only eat grass, which is what nature intended for them. Because no grain is involved in the cows feeding, very
little antibiotics are used, which means no chemicals in the cows milk. Better quality milk means better quality cheeses.
New developments in my field of science have gone in the wrong direction, in the production end and animal
end, says Mr. White, all the new stuff makes Velveeta. The new developments, Mr. White says, have to be about discovering
old ways. The 20th century is about making more milk out of the same cows and finding faster, cheaper ways to make cheese,
he states. The old ways are valuable. He says, Keeping the cows longer, keeping the cows healthier is something people in
the 20th century dont seem to care about anymore. If our cows stop producing as much for us anymore we dont care ~ it doesn't
cost us anything to keep them. The dairy farmers that feed their cows grain, when their cows stop producing as much milk,
they cant afford to keep them. Those cows go to McDonalds.
Mr. White not only makes cheese here he shares his knowledge of cheese with others around the world.
In 2001 I took a trip to Tibet to teach the Tibetans how to make cheese, he says. They had no historical records
of cheese making in their culture because they had never needed to. In other cultures cheese was created to store protein
for the winter. During the summer in Tibet, the yaks gorge themselves on the grass and produce a rich milk. During the winter
1/3 of the yaks starve to death, and the Tibetans eat them. Starved animals have plenty of protein, but no fat. The Tibetans
needed cheese to store fat and to sell for money. They need the money to pay for shoes.
Right here at Bobolink Dairy he also teaches cheese making. He has interns every summer and right now he has
two students from Japan for a semester, and a Polish student is coming next summer.
Mr. White thinks going into agriculture is at the bottom of peoples lists of what they want to be when they
grow up but thats because its different than what they think it is.
Id like to suggest that if you dont like the way agriculture is, you can reinvent it, he says. Those are the
people we need to go into farming. The adventurers who are willing to reinvent it. Places like Cornell and Rutgers say that
theyll send their students here to learn about dairy history ~ I say no, this is dairy future.
-Anne D. Pennington